Friday, February 26, 2010

Berries and Small Fruits

When I tell folks that I am starting a berry and small fruit field, they always assume I am talking about strawberries, raspberries and blueberries. While I am planning on adding those three standards, there is so much more out there!

I want interesting pie and wine making material. We don't eat much jam but the guys do consume an amazing amount of pie!

One thing I am growing a lot of this year are ground cherries! I grew ground cherries last year and they were delicious! I am planting a lot more of them this year.

I have planted chichiquelites, also called garden huckleberries (solanum nigrum). You can see them on
a previous post. Mine are about an inch tall right now. I have read that they grow into very large and spreading shrubs that are covered with berries. Sounds good to me! They are said to taste like small, very tart blueberries needing a lot of sugar. I can add more sugar for pies and I think that sounds like a good description of something that will make a tasty wine!

A new and interesting berry is the blue honeysuckle berry, or perhaps this is a very old berry that is making a comeback. One variety of this is called a "Haskap" and grow mainly in the western provinces. It looks like a large oval blueberry and it taste similar to a blueberry, although perhaps not as sweet, or so I have read. It is proving to be elusive! No one wants to share their carefully hoarded seed.

In addition to the ones above, I have also collected seed for:

Red Elderberries
Choke Cherries
High Bush Cranberries (viburnam)
Sweet Low Blueberries
Red and Black currents

I have red raspberries and a large patch of wild black raspberries. I am looking for green gooseberries to add, as well.

Another good berry for winemaking is the goji berry. I planted goji berries last spring and grew my own plants. You can see them in my previous post on
growing your own goji berries. They are overwintering outside under the snow and are said to be very hardy. We will see when spring comes.

I know growing these things from seed will take a few years. I will also actively search out cuttings to root and, perhaps, actually purchase plants from a nursery if they are available.

I will be purchasing strawberries this spring but not everbearing. We grew everbearing strawberries for the past couple of years. While they reproduced at an amazing rate, they did not grow a noticeable crop of large berries at any one time. It could have been the cold wet summer, but I have read that the everbearing type produce smaller berries and not all at once. I want enough large strawberries to make a 23 litre batch of wine, so I am planting regular ones this year, and lots of them. I will probably pick them elsewhere this year, giving our new plants the summer to establish themselves.

I have planted most of these berry and shrub seeds that I have collected. I planted all of the different types in small trays, covered with plastic. Some I put upstairs in the very warm growing room. Those that I know require winter stratification were planted in trays, covered and put outside on the front porch under the potting bench. Some extra seeds was put into the freezer for storage.

I am still researching hardy berries for wine and pies. I am certain there are more of them out there. Many of these are old heirlooms not grown anymore. We are responsible for the seed we have lost. I want to keep a repository for all the old varieties.


Clayton said...

You are putting together a good collection. We have many volunteer Garden Huckleberries. They become a weed in the garden if you have a long growing season.
We also get volunteers of the Husked variety but they just don't get enough berries ripe at one time o make jam. The huckleberry jam was just full of seeds!
Don't give up on the Blue Honeysuckle, one of us will give in!
All the best. By the way I tagged you in the Ten Things That Make Me Happy. See my blog.

Sheryl at Providence Acres Farm said...

Good to hear from you, Clayton! Thanks for the encouragement. Someone out there has to have blue honeysuckle they are willing to share. :-) I can freeze berries to get enough for a large batch of wine. Sugar goes into the wine anyway and sometimes it is a good way to produce more juice.

Thank you for tagging me! I am so honoured! I enjoy reading it. I commented on your post.

Mike said...

No one wants to share their carefully hoarded seed.

Drop me a note at google mail address allredirect. Depending on how they wintered, I may have some cuttings. From the looks of it, we may have some other plants to swap.


The Japanese Redneck said...

Cool. Good luck with all your plants/shrubs.

I'm going to have to check out those ground cherries.

Sheryl at Providence Acres Farm said...

Hi Ramona! I love the ground cherries! I have some ground cherry seeds I can send you if you are interested. Lmk :-)

Together We Save said...

Wow - beautiful pictures!!

Sheryl at Providence Acres Farm said...

Thanks for visiting, Together-We-Save! I like your blog. Very useful!